1. Home
  2. Aboriginal Studies
  3. Aboriginal education timeline
  4. Timeline references
Print this page Reduce font size Increase font size

Timeline references

Reference list

Archival Records


Curthoys, Ann (1965) Diary, in AIATSIS (2005) Commemorating 40 Years of the Freedom Rides

State Records NSW

SRNSW, Department of Education, School files 1869–1979, NRS 3829 Gulargambone Aboriginal School 1876–1939, [5/16180.2]

SRNSW, Department of Education School Files 1876–1979, NRS 3829, [5/16180.1] Gulargambone 1919–1939.

SRNSW, Department of Education, Schools Files 1869–1979, NRS 3829 Nulla Nulla, 1876–1939, Administrative [5/17188.3]

SRNSW, Department of Education, Schools Files 1869–1979 Nulla Creek Aboriginal School, NRS 3939, Administrative, Pre 1939 [5/17187.4]


Mission Publications of Australia.(1968) A Brief Historical Account of La Perouse School From its Foundation in 1868 to 1940, La Perouse: Mission Publications of Australia.

Attwood, Bain & Markus, Andrew. (1999) The Struggle for Aboriginal Rights: a Documentary History, Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Bandler, Faith. (1983) The Time was Ripe: the Story of the Aboriginal Australian Fellowship 1956–1959, Sydney, Alternative Publishing Co.

Barker, Jimmie. (1988) The Two Worlds of Jimmie Barker: the Life of an Australian Aboriginal, 1900–1972 as told to Janet Mathews Revised edition. First published 1977, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.

Berg, Shirley, (2003) Forty Years of Change 1963–2003: Aboriginal Education in NSW, Sydney Aboriginal Education Council (NSW) Inc.

Brook, J. and Kohen, J. L., (1991) The Parramatta Native Institution and the Black Town: a History, Sydney: UNSW Press.

Broome, Richard. (2001) Aboriginal Australians: Black Responses to Non-Aboriginal Dominance, 1788–2001, Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Burnswood, Jan and Fletcher, Jim. (1980) Sydney and the Bush: a Pictorial History of Education in New South Wales, Sydney: NSW Department of Education.

Co-operative for Aborigines Ltd. (2001) Tranby Aboriginal College, Sydney: Co-operative for Aborigines Limited.

Crawford, Evelyn. (1993) Over My Tracks: a Remarkable Life, Melbourne: Penguin.

Craven, Rhonda. (ed) (1999a) Teaching Aboriginal Studies, Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Davis-Hurst, Patricia. (1996) Sunrise Station, Taree: Patricia Davis-Hurst and Ray Hurst.

Edwards, Coral and Read, Peter. (1997) The Lost Children: Thirteen Australians Taken from their Aboriginal Families Tell of the Struggle to Find their Natural Parents originally published 1989, Sydney: Doubleday.

Elphick, Beverley and Elphick, Don. (eds) (1997) Kinchela Aboriginal Home and School: an Alphabetical Index of Students, Canberra: Beverley and Don Elphick.

Elphick, E. S. (1989) The College on the Hill: a History of Armidale Teacher’s College and Armidale College of Advanced Education, 1928–1989, Armidale: Armidale College of Advanced Education.

Fletcher, J. J. (1989a) Clean, Clad and Courteous: a History of Aboriginal Education in NSW, Sydney, J. J. Fletcher.

Fletcher, J. J. (1989b) Documents in the History of Aboriginal Education in NSW, Sydney: J. J. Fletcher.

Flick, Isabel and Goodall, Heather. (2004) Isabel Flick: the Many Lives of an Extraordinary Aboriginal Woman, Sydney : Allen &Unwin.

Goodall, Heather. (1996) Invasion to Embassy: Land in Aboriginal Politics 1788–1988, Sydney :Allen & Unwin and Black Books.

Horner, Jack. (1994) Bill Ferguson: Fighter for Aboriginal Freedom, Canberra: Jack Horner. First published in 1974 as Vote Ferguson for Aboriginal Freedom, Sydney: Australian and New Zealand Book Co.

Horton, David. (ed). (1994) The Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History, Society and Culture, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.

Keed, Rita & McKeown, Brian. (1990) A History of Peak Hill Central School 1890–1990: One Hundred Years of Education, Peak Hill: Brian McKeown & Peak Hill Public School.

Langford-Ginibi, Ruby. (1994) My Bunjalung People, Brisbane: University of Queensland Press

Lalor, Myles with Beckett, Jeremy. (2000) Whereever I Go: Myles Lalor’s ‘Oral History’ edited with introduction and afterward by Jeremy Beckett, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Moran, Charles Harold as told to Glennys Moran. (2004) Talk Softly, Listen Well: Profile of Bundjalung Elder, Charles Moran, Lismore: Southern Cross University Press.

Neill, Norm. (1991) Technically & Further: Sydney Technical College, 1891–1991, Sydney: Hale & Iremonger.

NPWS/Schilling, Kath. (2004), Aboriginal Women’s Heritage: Nowra, Hurstville: Department of Environment and Conservation.

NSW Department of Technical and Further Education. (1983) Spanners, Easels and Microchips: a History of Technical and Further Education in NSW 1883–1983, Sydney: NSW Council of Technical and Further Education

O’Brien, John. (1987) A Divided Unity: the Politics of NSW Teacher Militancy Since 1945, Sydney: Allen & Unwin

Parbury, Nigel. (2005) Survival: a History of Aboriginal Life in NSW, revised edition. First published 1987, Sydney: NSW Department of Aboriginal Affairs.

Partington, Gary. (1998) ‘In those days it was that rough’; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History and Education in Gary Partington (ed) Perspectives on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education Katoomba: Social Science Press, 1998 pp 27–54.

Pattison, Allan. (1987) TAFE in NSW: Past Acheivements and Future Prospects, delivered to a Conference of Heads of School, Metropolitan Principals and Regional Directors, Sydney.

Perkins, Charles. (1975) A Bastard Like Me: Charles Perkins, Sydney: Ure Smith.

Plater, Diana. (ed.) (1993) Other Boundaries:Inner-City Aboriginal Stories, Sydney: Bagnall Publications.

Ramsland, John. (1986) Children of the Back Lanes: Destitute and Neglected Children in Colonial NSW, Sydney: UNSW Press.

Read, Peter. (1984) Down There With Me on the Cowra Mission: an Oral History of Erambie Aboriginal Reserve, Cowra, New South Wales, Sydney: Pergamon Press with the assistance of the Aboriginal Arts Board of the Australia Council.

Read, Peter. (2001) Charles Perkins: a Biography, Rev. ed. Ringwood: Harmondsworth/ Penguin.

Simon, Ella. (1978) Through My Eyes, Adelaide: Rigby.

Tucker, Margaret. (1977) If Everyone Cared: an Autobiography of Margaret Tucker, new edition, London: Grosvenor, 1983.

Tranby Co-operative for Aborigines. (1986) The Meeting Tree:We Work Together to Live, Sydney: Tranby Aboriginal Co-operative College Glebe.

Goldman, Bernard and Garvey, Gail (c.2006) Celebrating 20 years: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Medical Education, University of Newcastle.

Valadian, Margaret.(1992) Aboriginal Education – Development or Destruction: the Issues and Challenges that Have to be Recognised, Armidale: University of New England.

Wright, Donald.(1992) Looking Back: a History of the University of Newcastle, Callaghan: University of Newcastle.

Journal articles and book chapters

Brady, Wendy. (1992) ‘Warangesda: Aboriginal Community, Education and the State’ presented at the Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society 21st Annual Conference Proceedings, St. Mark’s College, Adelaide, ANZHES, 1992, Vol. 1, pp 85–109.

Brady, Wendy. (1984) ‘We Fought!: Aboriginal Young Women in The Cootamundra Home: 1950–1969’ St. Hildas College, University of Melbourne, Australian and New Zealand History of Education Society Thirteenth Annual Conference Proceedings.

Behrendt, Larissa (1996) At the Back of the Class, at the Front of the Class: Experiences as an Aboriginal Student and Teacher’ in Women, Culture and Universities : a chilly climate? : national conference on the effect of organisational culture on women in universities, 19 and 20 April, 1995 : conference proceedings; University of Technology, Sydney Women’s Forum.

Brady, Wendy.(2006)’Unthinkable Aspirations’, Meanjin Vol. 65, no. 1, pp 219–226.

Bridges, Barry John. (1968) ‘Aboriginal Education in Eastern Australia (N.S.W.) 1788–1855’, Australian Journal of Education, v.12, no.3; pp 225–243.

Courtney, Fay. (1984) ‘Profile: Betty Wright Aboriginal Teachers Aide’, The Aboriginal Child at School, v12,n5 October–November, pp 3–6.

Craven, Rhonda (1999b) ‘Aboriginal Studies: a National Priority’, in Rhonda Craven (ed) Teaching Aboriginal Studies, Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Craven, Rhonda (2005) ‘Turning Points in Indigenous Education: New Findings that Can Really Make a Difference and Implications for the Next Generation of Indigenous Education Research’ AARE 2005 International Education Research Conference, UWS Parramatta. 27 November –1 December 2005 compiled by PL Jeffrey, Melbourne: AARE.

de Bruce, Lucy. (1993)’The Jumbunna Aboriginal Education Centre, UTS’ in Education Australia, no. 22, p 31

Dark, Eleanor.(1966) ‘Bennelong (1764? – 1813)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, v. 1, Melbourne University Press, pp 84–85.

Duncan, Alan. (1997) ‘A Short History of Aboriginal Education 1799 – 1950’ Aboriginal Studies in the Nineties: Visions and Challenges II / [eds] Rhonda Craven and Nigel Parbury, Sydney, Aboriginal Studies Association, pp 192 – 199.

Ellis, Bronwyn. (2001) Changing Emphases in Australian Indigenous Higher Education, History of Education Review, v.30, no.2, pp 55–72.

Goodall, Heather. (1995) ‘Assimilation Begins in the Home: the State and Aboriginal Women’s Work as Mothers in New South Wales, 1900s to 1960s’, Labour History n. 69, pp 75–101.

Goodall, Heather.(1990) ‘Saving the Children: Gender and the Colonisation of Aboriginal Children in NSW 1788–1990’, Aboriginal Law Bulletin, pp 6–9.

Gunson, Niel. (1967) ‘Threlkeld, Lancelot Edward (1788 – 1859)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vo. 2, Melbourne University Press, 1967, pp 528–530.

Harris, John. (1976). Aboriginal Education in NSW: the Past, the Present and the Future [NSW]: a paper presented at the Conference for Teachers of Aboriginal Children, Nowra, May 1976.

Heiss, Elsie. (2003) ‘Keep Rekindling that Koori Flame’ in Steppin’ Out and Speakin’ Up, Sydney: Older Women’s Network NSW, pp 211–224.

Langford-Ginibi, Ruby. (2003) ‘I Call Myself an ‘Edumacator’ in Older Women’s Network NSW Steppin’ Out and Speakin’ Up, Sydney: Older Women’s Network NSW, pp 165–178.

McDaniel M; Flowers Rick (1995) Adult Education and Indigenous Australians in Griff Foley (ed.) ‘Understanding Adult Education and Training’, 2nd ed., Sydney: Allen and Unwin , pp 253–266.

Morgan, George. (2006) ‘Memory and Marginalisation – Aboriginality and Education in the Assimilation Era’ Australian Journal of Education, vol 50, no 1, pp 40–49.

Nakata, Martin. (2004a) ‘Indigenous Australian Studies and the Higher Education’ 2004 Biennial AIATSIS Wentworth Lecture.’ Online paper.

Newman, Thomas. (1999) ‘Tranby Aboriginal College Educating for the Future’, Educating for the Future: the Collected Papers of the 9th Annual ASA Conference, Sydney: Aboriginal Studies Association.

O’Shane, Patricia. (1994) ‘Irene Moss: Federal Race Discrimination Commissioner, 10 December 1986–31 May 1994’, Aboriginal Law Bulletin, vol 21.

Parbury, Nigel. (1999) ‘Aboriginal Education – a History’, in Rhonda Craven (ed) Teaching Aboriginal Studies: Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Poetsh, Susan. (2003) ‘Reviving and Teaching Aboriginal Languages in Schools’, FATSIL Newsletter vol 25, August.

Ramsland, John. (2004) ‘Bringing up Harry Penrith: Injustice and Becoming Burnum Burnum the Formative Years of a Child of the Stolen Generation’, Education Research and Perspectives, vol 31, no.2, pp 94–106.

Ramsland, John. (2006) The Aboriginal School at Purfleet: a Case Study of the Segregation of Aboriginal Children in NSW, History of Education Review, v.35, n.1, pp 47–57.

Read, Peter. (2006) ‘Shelly’s Mistake: the Parramatta Native Institution’ in (eds) Martin Crotty and David Andrew Roberts, The Great Mistakes of Australian History, Sydney: UNSW Press, pp 32–47.

Reid, Carol. (2000) ‘Negotiating Identities: Indigenous Teacher Education in Western Sydney’ in Jock Collins and Scott Poynting (eds) The Other Sydney: Communities, Identities and Inequalities in Western Sydney, Common Ground, Victoria. pp 199–220.

Woodberry, Joyce (2003) Pushing the Barrow for Aboriginal Education in Older Women’s Network (NSW) Stepp.in’ Out and Speakin’ Up, Sydney: Older Women’s Network NSW, pp 149–164.

Wray, Debra, Craven, Rhonda and Munns, Geoff. (2005a) ‘The impact of the Higher School Certificate Aboriginal Studies Course : Aboriginal Students’ Perceptions’ in ‘AARE 2005 International Education Research Conference: UWS Parramatta, [Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, 27 November – 1 December 2005] compiled by P. L. Jeffrey. Melbourne: Australian Association for Research in Education.

Wray, Debra, Craven, Rhonda and Munns, Geoff (2005b) ‘Making the Grade: the Impact of Policy on the HSC Aboriginal Studies Course’ in ‘AARE 2005 International Education Research Conference: UWS Parramatta, [Conference of the Australian Association for Research in Education, 27 November – 1 December 2005] compiled by P. L. Jeffrey. Melbourne: Australian Association for Research in Education.

Newspaper and magazine articles

Dawn, (1963) October, 1963

Dawn, (1964a) February, 1964, p 14

Dawn, (1964b) November, 1964, p 2

Dawn, (1967) January, 1967, p 15

Dawn, (1974) ‘S.C. F. Pre-Schools in NSW’, July–August, 1974, p 7

Dawn, (1970) ‘What is the Picture?’, May, 1970, p 9

Dawn, (1972) ‘Kirinari: a Place of Learning’, The Dawn, July–Aug,1972, p 3

Dawn, (1973) New Dawn, July, 1973, p 14

Dixon, Lee. (2004) ‘Education Shields Life’, Liverpool Leader, 21 July, 2004.

The Dubbo Dispatch (1935) ‘Aborigines at Brocklehurst / Black Children and the School / Position Explained’, 1 July, 1935, p 1

The Dubbo Dispatch (1937) ‘Protection of Aborigines / Mr W. Ferguson’s Tour’, 17 Sept, 1937, p 6

Liverpool Champion (1996) ‘Koori Celebration Day Big Step Forward at TAFE’, 3 April, 1996.

Matheson, Angela. (1991) ‘First Aboriginal High School’, Green Left Weekly, 12 March, 1991

National Indigenous Times (2006) ‘Mourning the Passing of an Aboriginal Pioneer’, Issue 117, 2 November, 2006.

Pemulwuy (2005) ‘Remembering Aunty Joyce’, Dec, 2005, p7

WIPC:E newsletter (1993) October, 1993, Wollongong


Aborigines Protection Board, (1920) Report of Board for the Protection of Aborigines, for the period 1st February 1 January, 1919 to 30th June, 1920, NSW Legislative Assembly.

Aborigines Welfare Board, (1948) Annual Report of the Aborigines Welfare Board for the Year ending 30th June, NSW Legislative Assembly.

DEST (2002) National Report to Parliament on Indigenous Education and Training, Canberra: DEST.

NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Incorporated and NSW Department of Education and Training (2004) The Report of the Review of Aboriginal Education: Yanigurra muya : ganggurrinyma yaarri guurulaw yirringin.gurra : Freeing the Spirit : Dreaming an Equal Future, Sydney: NSW Aboriginal Education Consultative Group Incorporated and NSW Department of Education and Training.

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC). (1997) Bringing Them Home Report and Track the History: Timeline. Also includes personal narratives, teaching resources, curriculum links

Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. (1991) ‘Educating for the Future’ Chapter 33 in Part F: The Underlying Issues: Directions for Change in Final Report of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody.

Policy documents


Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. (2007) National Goals for Indigenous Education

NSW Department of Aboriginal Affairs. (2004) NSW Aboriginal Languages Policy, updated 08 Nov 2006

NSW Department of School Education. (1996) Aboriginal Education Policy, Aboriginal Education Unit, Sydney: NSW Department of School Education.

NSW TAFE Commission. (1992) Aboriginal Education and Training Policy, Sydney: NSW TAFE

NSW Aboriginal Education Training Directorate, AEDT. (2006) Aboriginal Education and Training Strategy 2006–2008

Web pages and websites

Aboriginal Education Council. (2005) ‘About Us’ and ‘History’

Aboriginal Languages Research and Resources Centre (NSW). (2006)

Global Rock Challenge. (no date) Croc Festival Australia: History

Heiss, Anita & McCormack, Terri. (2002) Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City, Sydney: City of Sydney Council

Heywood, Anne/National Foundation for Australian Women, (2002) Margaret Valadian, Australian Women Biographical Entry Australian Women’s Archives Project Web Site, updated 14 December 2006

Kovacic Leonarda and Barbara Lemon /National Foundation for Australian Women. (2005) Linda Burney, Australian Women Biographical Entry, Australian Women’s Archives Project Web Site, updated 24 March 2006.

NMA(2007)Gordon Syron

NSW Department of Aboriginal Affairs. (2001) Aboriginal Affairs in NSW: a Short History. Last updated 2006

NSW Board of Studies. (2004) ‘Aboriginal Education Contexts’.

NSW Department of Education and Training. (2007) NSW Schools Nanga Mai Awards, updated 6 Feb 2008

NSW Reconciliation Council Inc. (no date) ‘About Us and History’.

Southern Cross University (1996) Gnibi College of Australian Indigenous Peoples.

Tranby Aboriginal College. (no date) About, History and Establishing Tranby College

University of Newcastle Faculty of Arts and Education. (2006) About Wollotuka School of Aboriginal Studies, updated 23 March 2006

Victorian Aboriginal Education Association and the Australian Bureau of Statistics. (no date) Ngankat Kalo (yesterday-tomorrow) Aboriginal Education 1901–2001.

Theses about Aboriginal education

Blaskett, Beverley A (1983) The Development Policy for Aborigines with Particular Reference to the Education Policy of the Roman Catholic Aboriginal Australians Missions Thesis (M.Ed) La Trobe University, NLA MS 7137. National Library of Australia, Canberra.

Brady, Wendy E (1996) Indigenous Australians and Non-Indigenous Education in New South Wales, 1788–1968 Thesis (PhD) University of Sydney, NSW.

Duncan, Alan (1969) A Survey of the Education of Aborigines in New South Wales: with particular Reference to its Historical Context, Thesis (MEd) University of Sydney, NSWb.

Harrold, Veronica Anne (1991) The History of Aboriginal Education in Wellington, New South Wales Thesis (M.Ed.) University of New England, Armidale. Published on demand, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, AIATSIS.

Print this page Reduce font size Increase font size